Adenoiditis

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Annotated Information

Classification and Resources

ID 46
ICD-10
ICD-9-CM ICD9CM:474.01;
OMIM
SNOMED-CT SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195794009;SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:232420002;
Orphanet
MeSH
DO

Defination

Adenoiditis is the inflammation of the adenoid tissue, usually caused by an infection Adenoiditis is treated using medication (antibiotics and/or steroids) or surgical intervention~Adenoiditis may produce cold-like symptoms However, adenoiditis symptoms often persist for ten or more days, and often include pus-like discharge from nose~The infection cause is usually viral However, if the adenoiditis is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed for treatment A steroidal nasal spray may also be prescribed in order to reduce nasal congestion Severe or recurring adenoiditis may require surgical removal of the adenoids (adenotonsillectomy)~

Synonyms

chronic adenoiditis  ;

Etiology

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Diagnosis

Optical fiber endoscopy can confirm the diagnosis in case of doubt, directly visualizing the inflamed adenoid~

Symptoms

Optical fiber endoscopy can confirm the diagnosis in case of doubt, directly visualizing the inflamed adenoid~

Treatment

Acute adenoiditis is characterized by fever, runny nose, nasal airway obstruction resulting in predominantly oral breathing, snoring and sleep apnea, rhinorrhea with serous secretion in viral forms and mucous-purulent secretion in bacterial forms In cases due to viral infection symptoms usually recede spontaneously after hours, symptoms of bacterial adenoiditis typically persist up to a week Adenoiditis is sometimes accompanied by tonsillitis Repeated adenoiditis may lead to enlarged adenoids~Complications[edit]~Complications of acute adenoiditis can occur due to extension of inflammation to the neighboring organs~

Labs working on this disease

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References

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